The Effectiveness of Confirming Indicators:

A Case Study of Stocks in Thailand


  • Shivathep Srichawla Assumption University, Thailand
  • Suppanunta Romprasert Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand


Confirming Indicators, Double Indicators, Technical Analysis, Stock Exchange of Thailand, Parabolic SAR, Combined Indicators


This paper developed a model that tested trading signals (including double and triple indicators) on the security traded in the Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET). One indicator from each of the six groups of technical indicators, including MACD, Parabolic SAR (PSAR), RSI, Twiggs Money Flow, Volume Oscillator, and Bollinger Bands, were tested in order to determine whether their use could generate excess returns for investors. PSAR was the most profitable indicator as it alone or when used in combined with other indicators could generate excess returns. The findings showed that the AND function could be used to combine trading signals but with proper interpretation of inputs. Findings also showed that combined indicators increase abnormal profits above individual indicators. A combined indicators model had the best performance in terms of End of Period Wealth and the least downside risk which was measured by Maximum Drawdown. The significance of this research is that it identifies confirming indicators that can be used effectively to generate excess profits, although the findings do have some limitations which is discussed in this paper however further study on similar concept is highly recommended.